The Roman legions arrived in England in 43AD and stayed for the next 350 years - unsurprisingly many traces remain, some definitely more immediately obvious than others. 

GK Chesterton wrote that “the rolling English drunkard made the rolling English road – a reeling road, a rolling road, that rambles round the shire” and so familiar are those twists and turns that us English tend to assume any straight bit of road must be Roman.

In the Cotswolds you may well be right! Cirencester, Roman Corinium, was the second largest city in Roman Britain and as a consequence straight Roman roads criss-cross the area:  the Fosse Way (A433, A429), Ermin Street (A417, A419) and Akeman Street (B4425) amongst others.

So where, other than some unusually straight roads, should we seek out evidence of our Latin lovers stay in the Cotswolds?

Cirencester (Corinium)
The award winning Corinium Museum in Cirencester

There is no better place to start than Cirencester right in the heart of the Cotswolds. The population of Roman Corinium was probably not dissimilar to that of modern Cirencester (c18,000) and while elsewhere in the town there are visible remains (a section of the town’s Roman wall in the Abbey Grounds and the earthworks of the large amphitheatre that held some 8,000 spectators off Cotswold Avenue) the best place to get a feel  for Roman Britain is in the award winning Corinium Museum. As well as loads of Roman artefacts there are hands-on exhibits, a reconstructed mosaic floor and Roman town-house interior, they've even got a Romans app!

Villas, villas everywhere
Mosaic at Chedworth Roman Villa
Some 50 Roman villas have been identified in the Cotswolds – one of the highest concentrations in Roman Britain – but foremost amongst them is Chedworth Roman Villa: cradled in a beautiful Cotswold valley rest the remains of one of the grandest Roman villas in Britain complete with flushing toilets, under floor heating and mosaic floors – all the mod cons of the Roman period.

Less grand but also well worth a visit are Great Witcombe Roman Villa on the western edge of the Cotswolds and North Leigh Roman Villa at the eastern edge. Both are free to view and set in glorious rural valley settings.

Bath (Aqua Sulis)
The Great Bath at the Roman Baths
Bath was the leisure capital of Roman Britain, and the Roman Baths are one of the finest historic sites you can visit: The Temple of Minerva, where you can cross a suspended walkway above the Temple courtyard, and explore the sacred area, where Roman worshippers gathered to pray, via digital reconstructions; and there’s the Great Bath, as well as the Roman changing rooms and sauna.

Thermae Bath Spa

Finally - and to really feel like one of those latin lovers! - why not enjoy the hot spring water yourself at Thermae Bath Spa where by day and by night, you can relax in the indoor Minerva Bath and open-air rooftop pool with spectacular views over the city!


The Roman Baths
The Roman Baths

Walk around the steaming Great Bath where people bathed nearly 2,000 years ago, see the ruins of the temple of Minerva where Roman worshippers gathered, and explore the fascinating museum.

Corinium Museum
Corinium Museum, Cirencester

Discover the treasures of the Cotswolds as you explore its history at this Award Winning Museum. Home to one of the largest collections of Romano-British antiquities extensively from Corinium, Roman Britain's second largest city.

Chedworth Roman Villa (National Trust)
Historic Site
Chedworth Roman Villa

Cradled in a beautiful Cotswold valley rest the remains of one of the grandest Roman villas in Britain.

North Leigh Roman Villa
Historic Site
North Leigh Roman Villa ruins

The remains of a large and well-built Roman courtyard villa facing south east over the Evenlode valley. The most important feature is a near complete mosaic floor, which can be seen through a viewing window. This is an English Heritage site with access at any reasonable time.

Cirencester Roman Amphitheatre
Historic Site
Cirencester Roman Amphitheatre (photo George Sayers)

A large, well preserved, earth covered, Roman amphitheatre.

Thermae Bath Spa
Day Spa
Thermae Bath Spa

In the heart of the city, Thermae Bath Spa is an award-winning natural spa where you can bathe in Bath’s naturally warm, mineral-rich waters just as the Celts and Romans did over 2,000 years ago.



Comments are disabled for this post.